Cancer is a genetic disease. It occurs due to DNA mutations and many genes could be affected. The main types of gene involved in cancer are suppressors genes, proto-oncogenes and repair genes.
Nearly 10% of cancers are hereditary. In such cases, the mutations are found in germ cells, with a 50% probability of it being transmitted to offspring.
If treated in its early stages, response to treatment and survival both increase. When it comes to hereditary cancer, it is important to identify those family members that carry the familial mutation so that preventive measures can be adopted to prevent the onset of the disease.
There are many genetic studies available for the molecular diagnosis of cancer. These may be performed alone or in combination:
- Familial mutation study
- Gene sequencing
- Study of gene deletions and duplications
- NGS sequencing panel for various genes
ICM boasts a wide range of diagnostic tests in this very important field, and we invite you to take a look at the available list.